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University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

By BELLO Muhammed

Numerous years prior, out of affection, a couple with AS got hitched to one another and tragically as individuals would state, the lady brought forth a child with sickle cell disease. Presently, the child is left with no decision than to acknowledge his identity and what he speaks to.

By definition, Sickle Cell anemia is a disorder of the blood caused by an inherited abnormal hemoglobin (the oxygen carrying protein within the red blood cells). As per explore, around 1 of every 13 African American infants is brought into the world with sickle cell quality and About 1 of every 365 black children is brought into the world with sickle disease.

The impact of sickle cell can be regarding influencing the every day life of the person in question and influencing the body. Sickle cell anemia can make life increasingly troublesome, especially for a kid who would have to manage postponed sexual development and hindered development. Such person will need to avoid things that can cause a crisis.

How is sickle cell transmitted — INHERITANCE OF SICKLE CELL ANEMIA

Sickle cell anemia is referred to as autosomal recessive disease, meaning, it only occurs if both the maternal and paternal copies of the HBB gene are defective. However, if an individual receives just one copy of HBB gene, either from their mother or their father, they do not have sickle cell anemia but have what is called sickle cell trait. People with sickle cell trait usually do not have any symptoms but they can pass the gene to their children. There are three inheritance scenario that can lead to a child having sickle cell anemia:
  • Both parents have sickle cell trait
  • One parent has sickle cell anemia and the other has sickle cell trait
  • Both parents have sickle cell anemia
  How to identify carrier of sickle cell anemia — SYMPTOMS AND CRISIS OF SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
  • Fatigue and anemia
  • Pain crises
  • Swelling and inflammation of the hands and feet
  • Bacterial infections
  • Sudden pooling of blood in the spleen and liver congestion
  • Lung and heart injury
  • Leg ulcers
  • Eye damage, etc.

As symptoms varies between adult and infants, affected infants do not develop symptoms in the first few months of life because the hemoglobin produced by the developing fetus (fetal hemoglobin) protects the red blood cells from sickling. This fetal hemoglobin is absent in the red blood cells that are produced after birth so that by 5 months of age, the sickling of the red blood cells is prominent and symptoms begin.

How to manage sickle cell anemia —TREATMENT FOR SICKLE CELL ANEMIA Ordinarily, sickle cell anemia can be managed through the use of medication, blood transfusions and rarely a bone-marrow transplant. However the case may be, a sickle cell anemia patient may be advised to:
  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
  • Wear warm clothing to stop you getting cold
  • Avoid sudden temperature changes, such as swimming in cold water
  • Visiting the doctor regularly for checkups Be that as it may, you can also manage a sickle cell anemia at home by;
  • Utilizing some painkillers drugs like paracetamol or ibuprofen (do not give aspirin to children under age 16 unless it was prescribed by the doctor).
  • Use warm towel or a wrapped heated pad to gently massage the affected body part.
  • Distractions by taking one’s mind away from the pain like reading a story, seeing a movie or play games.
 

What’s the essence of having a child with sickle cell malady or subjecting a child to its crisis when you can actually keep away from it by realizing your genotype and maintaining a strategic distance from an accomplice of the same genotype that could produce a kid with sickle cell anaemia? DO YOU KNOW YOUR GENOTYPE YET?

Post Author: Ridhwan Abdullahi

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