Dessalines Day in Haiti (1806)
1346 – King David II of Scotland, under the terms of the Auld Alliance with France, led an invasion of England during the Hundred Years’ War, but was captured in the Battle of Neville’s Cross.
1660 – A series of executions concluded, where of the 59 commissioners who signed the death warrant for Charles I of England, nine were hanged, drawn and quartered for treason.
1931 – American gangster Al Capone was convicted on five counts of income tax evasion.
1964 – Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies opened the artificial Lake Burley Griffin (pictured) in the middle of the capital Canberra.
2000 – A rail accident at Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK, caused the collapse of Railtrack and the introduction of widespread speed limit reductions throughout the rail network.