Republic Day in Brazil (1889)
Shichi-Go-San in Japan
655 – Penda of Mercia was defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria at the Battle of the Winwaed in modern-day Yorkshire, England.
1760 – The chapel of the new Castellania Palace (pictured) in Valletta, Malta, was consecrated.
1889 – Brazilian Emperor Pedro II was overthrown in a coup led by Deodoro da Fonseca, and Brazil was proclaimed a republic.
1959 – Two men murdered a family in Holcomb, Kansas, U.S.; the events became the subject of Truman Capote’s non-fiction novel In Cold Blood, a pioneering work of the true crime genre.
1968 – Vietnam War: American forces launched Operation Commando Hunt, a large-scale bombing campaign to prevent the People’s Army of Vietnam from transporting personnel and supplies along the Ho Chi Minh trail.