Culture Day in Japan
1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest-circulated English-language daily broadsheet newspaper, was founded as the The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
1881 – Indigenous Mapuches rebelled against Chile’s occupation of Araucanía.
1942 – World War II: U.S. Marines and U.S. Army forces began an attempt to encircle and destroy a regiment of Imperial Japanese Army troops on Guadalcanal.
1957 – The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik 2 spacecraft, carrying Laika (pictured on stamp) the Russian space dog as the first living creature from Earth to enter orbit.
1969 – U.S. President Richard Nixon made a plea to the “silent majority”, referring to those Americans who did not join in the large demonstrations against the Vietnam War at the time.