Guru Nanak Gurpurab (Sikhism, 2017)
1847 – Scottish physician James Young Simpson discovered the anaesthetic qualities of chloroform.
1890 – London’s City and South London Railway (locomotive pictured), the first deep-level underground railway in the world, opened, running a distance of 3.2 mi (5.1 km) between the City of London and Stockwell.
1960 – At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr. Jane Goodall observed a chimpanzee using a grass stalk to extract termites from a termite hill, the first recorded case of tool use by animals.
1970 – Authorities in Temple City, California, discovered a 13-year-old feral child known as “Genie”, who had spent almost her entire life in social isolation.
1995 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir while at a peace rally at the Kings of Israel Square in Tel Aviv.