955 – The forces of Otto the Great defeated the Obotrite federation in the Battle on the Raxa, marking the high point of Otto’s reign.
1869 – Girton College (pictured), one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge and England’s first residential college for women, was founded.
1940 – World War II: Nazi Governor-General Hans Frank established the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest Jewish ghetto in occupied Poland.
1964 – With the success of the 596 nuclear weapons testing, China became the world’s fifth nuclear power.
2013 – In Laos’s deadliest air accident, Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashed into the Mekong River, resulting in the deaths of all 49 people aboard.