Feast day of Saint Luke
Independence Day in Azerbaijan (1991)
Alaska Day (1867)
1081 – Byzantine–Norman wars: Robert Guiscard led an invasion of the Byzantine Empire, capturing Dyrrhachium in present-day Albania.
1561 – Sengoku period: The fourth battle of Kawanakajima, one of the most famous in Japanese history, was fought in present-day Nagano Prefecture.
1851 – Moby-Dick, a novel by American writer Herman Melville, was first published as The Whale in London.
1929 – In the Persons Case, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council decided that women were eligible to sit in the Canadian Senate.
1967 – The Soviet space probe Venera 4 (replica pictured) became the first spacecraft to perform direct in situ analysis of the environment of another planet (Venus).