1740 – Under the terms of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713, Maria Theresa (pictured) assumed the throne of the Habsburg Monarchy in Austria.
1939 – Pope Pius XII published his first major encyclical, Summi Pontificatus, which was seen as setting a tone for his papacy.
1967 – Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin filmed an unidentified subject at Six Rivers National Forest in California who they claimed was a Bigfoot.
1982 – During a UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, a large number of attendees tried to leave the Grand Sports Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium at the same time, resulting in a stampede that caused 66 deaths.
1991 – The Uttarkashi earthquake struck the Indian state of Uttarakhand, killing at least 768 people and destroying thousands of homes.