1789 – The Brabant Revolution, sometimes considered as the first expression of Belgian nationalism, began with the invasion of the Austrian Netherlands by an émigré army from the Dutch Republic.
1857 – Sheffield F.C., the world’s oldest association football club still in operation, was founded.
1871 – The largest mass lynching in United States history took place when around 500 white rioters entered Chinatown in Los Angeles to attack, rob, and murder its residents.
1944 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese battleship Musashi (pictured), one of the heaviest and most powerfully armed ever constructed, was sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
1964 – The military court of South Vietnamese junta chief Nguyễn Khánh acquitted Generals Dương Văn Đức and Lâm Văn Phát of leading a coup attempt against Khanh, despite the pair’s proclamation of his overthrow during their military action.