Republic Day in Turkey (1923)
539 BC – Cyrus the Great captured Babylon, incorporating the Neo-Babylonian Empire and making the Achaemenid Empire the largest in the history of the world to that time.
1792 – Lt. William Broughton, a member of George Vancouver’s expedition, observed a peak in what is now Oregon, U.S., and named it Mount Hood (pictured) after British admiral Samuel Hood.
1917 – The Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet, in charge of preparing for and carrying out the Russian Revolution, was established.
1960 – The C-46 airliner carrying the Cal Poly Mustangs football team crashed during takeoff from Toledo Express Airport in Ohio, U.S., resulting in 22 deaths.
1999 – About 10,000 people died when a supercyclone hit the Indian state of Odisha near the city of Bhubaneswar.