Rōhatsu in Japan
1432 – The first battle of the Lithuanian Civil War between the forces of Švitrigaila and of Sigismund Kęstutaitis was fought near what is now the town of Ashmyany.
1813 – Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 (audio featured) premiered in Vienna, conducted by the composer himself.
1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: Following their successful attack three days earlier, a small Indian Navy strike force attacked the Port of Karachi again and created a de facto blockade.
1987 – A man shot and killed eight people at the Australia Post building in Melbourne, before jumping to his death.
2009 – Bombings carried out by the Islamic State of Iraq in Baghdad, Iraq, killed at least 127 people and injured 448.